Ethnicity And Health In America Series

Our analyses included live male and live female singleton births from January 1, 2009, through July 30, 2017; nearly one-quarter of these births (23.5%) were to Latina women. Preterm infants represented 11.0% of male and 9.6% of female births to Latina women and 10.2% and 9.3% of those to other women. Figure 1 shows the expected monthly counts under the counterfactual scenario in which the 2016 election did not take place as well as the observed counts of male and female preterm births to Latina women during the test period.

M. Wingood guided the development of the intervention, analyzed and interpreted the data, and led the writing of the article. DeVarona helped adapt the intervention for Latina women and participated in all aspects of data collection. L. Er directed the study, supervised the acquisition of data, analyzed and interpreted the data, and helped write the article, J. All authors reviewed and revised drafts of the article and approved the final version. Bensley L, Van Eenwyk J, Wynkoop Simmons K. Childhood family violence history and women’s risk for intimate partner violence and poor health.

We also controlled for cycles and trends specific to preterm births among Latina women that could induce spurious associations in a simple, before-and-after study design. The 2016 US presidential election appears to have been associated with an increase in preterm births among US Latina women. Anti-immigration policies have been proposed and enforced in the aftermath of the 2016 presidential election; future research should evaluate the association of these actions with population health. This population-based study used an interrupted time series design to assess 32.9 million live births and found that the number of preterm births among Latina women increased above expected levels after the election. Hispanic women are 40 percent more likely to be diagnosed with cervical cancer, and 20 percent more likely to die from cervical cancer, as compared to non-Hispanic white women.

If a worker is underpaid in one job, and their next job bases their new salary on previous salary, then workers who are more likely to face discriminatory pay at any given employment may face the cumulative effects of this discrimination throughout their careers. Both collective bargaining and banning salary history seek to balance information asymmetries that benefit employers. The intersectional structural barriers faced by Hispanic women that lead to reduced wages affect both their own lifetime earnings, as well as the economic security of their families.

Despite discrimination in the workforce, Latina participation is on the rise. From 1970 to 2007 Latinas have seen a 14% increase in labor force participation, which the Center for American Progress calls „a notable rise.“

For instance, women who use high-dose estrogen oral contraceptives for family planning may have an increase in their risk of breast cancer. Studies suggest that women living in Latin America may not have the same exposure to oral birth control as women of Hispanic/Latina background in the United States. A 2018 study identified breast cancer genes that are more common among women of Hispanic/Latino descent.

Our results suggest that the 2016 US presidential election was associated with an increase in preterm births among US Latina women. In the only study of the potential effect of the 2016 presidential election on birth outcomes, Krieger and colleagues19 found that the rate of preterm births among Latina women in New York, New York, increased from 7.7% before the inauguration to 8.2% after. Although Krieger et al19 provide evidence consistent with an association between the election and preterm births among Latina women, the methods the authors used did not adjust for secular trends, cycles, or other forms of temporal patterning that could lead to spurious findings. Because preterm birth varies seasonally,20 for example, a comparison between the periods before and after an event such as a presidential election should ensure that any association does not arise solely from seasonally expected shifts from lower to higher numbers of preterm births.

These sectors also accounted for 47% of jobs held by women in February, compared with 28% for men, exposing women to a higher risk of unemployment in recent months. Historically, job losses in recessions, including the Great Recession, have centered around goods-producing sectors, such as manufacturing and construction, in which men have a greater presence. Navarro AM, Raman R, McNicholas LJ, Loza O. Diffusion of cancer education information through a Latino community health advisor program.

Breast cancer has more aggressive features in Hispanic/Latino women, whether premenopausal or postmenopausal, than in others. But there are other factors besides delayed attention that affect breast cancer prognosis in Hispanic/Latino women. Not only do Hispanic/Latina women have lower utilization of screening mammography, but many also delay following up on abnormal screening tests.

There is a significant lack of literature on the home life experience of https://baddho.com/puerto-rican-women-the-story/ and how it may change with immigration to the United States. In the United States, female employment has become an increasingly important determinant of family economic well-being, especially among disadvantaged populations such as Latinas. Female employment offers these women more autonomy, the chance to support themselves without relying on a spouse. The Affordable Care Act does not cover non-citizens nor does it cover immigrants with less than 5 years of residency.

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Each assessment was implemented in Spanish and took approximately 45 minutes. Data collectors secured the interview data and were blinded to women’s assignment to the intervention arms. The health educators described how unhealthy relationships, including those characterized by abuse and coercion, can create barriers to practicing safer sex.

María Jesús Alvarado Rivera was a journalist, teacher, and activist from Chincha, Peru. She is regarded as the “first modern champion of women’s rights in Peru” and spent her life committed to empowering women through establishing and expanding educational programs, access to work and political representation. Her essay “El Feminismo” was the first revolutionary essay of the twentieth century in Peru, and her lectures are regarded as one of the first examples of public feminist discourse in Peru. Rivera’s advocacy work focused on progressive models of childhood and adult education, sexual health awareness, reintegration programs for sex workers and land rights for the Indigenous. Ambar Cristina Hanson, MPA, is the community relationship officer at Mortenson Family Foundation.

Australian Teenager Reminds Americans Of ‘9

Additionally, due to the high risk of diabetes in all Latino people, the risk of family members having the condition may be high as well. Diabetes of all types tends to affect Latinx people at younger ages than it does other populations, so Latinx women should talk with their physician about their risk before getting pregnant. Latinx women are twice as likely to develop depression as compared to Latinx men, white populations or African-American populations3. Research also indicates that employed Latinx women are more stressed than unemployed ones4.